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An illustration shows a base camp in Breitenfeld during the Thirty Years' War 1618-48 Thirty Years' War 1618-48 Breitenfeld

An illustration shows a base camp in Breitenfeld during the Thirty Years' War 1618-48

Thirty Years' War 1618-48
Breitenfeld
An illustration shows a base camp in Breitenfeld during the Thirty Years' War 1618-48

Thirty Years' War 1618-48
Breitenfeld
Front
An illustration shows a base camp in Breitenfeld during the Thirty Years' War 1618-48

Thirty Years' War 1618-48
Breitenfeld
Back
An illustration shows a base camp in Breitenfeld during the Thirty Years' War 1618-48

Thirty Years' War 1618-48
Breitenfeld
An illustration shows a base camp in Breitenfeld during the Thirty Years' War 1618-48 Thirty Years' War 1618-48 Breitenfeld
$19.90
  • SKU: SCAN-NOP-00518459

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The Thirty Years' War was a series of wars in Central Europe between 1618 and 1648. It was one of the longest, most destructive conflicts in European history.[15] Initially a war between Protestant and Catholic states in the fragmenting Holy Roman Empire, it gradually developed into a more general conflict involving most of the great powers of Europe, becoming less about religion and more a continuation of the France–Habsburg rivalry for European political pre-eminence. The war began when the Holy Roman Empire tried to impose religious uniformity on its domains. The northern Protestant states, angered by the violation of their rights, banded together to form the Protestant Union. The new emperor, Ferdinand II, was a staunch Catholic and relatively intolerant when compared to his predecessor, Rudolf II. His policies were considered heavily pro-Catholic and extreme to a certain degree. These fears caused the Protestant Bohemians, dominion of Habsburg Austria, to revolt against their rulers. They ousted the Habsburgs and instead elected Frederick V, Elector of Palatinate as their monarch. Frederick took the offer without the support of the union. The southern states, mainly Catholic, were angered by this treachery. Led by Bavaria, these states formed the Catholic League to expel Frederick in support of the Emperor. The Empire soon crushed this perceived rebellion, but reactions around the Protestant world condemned the Emperor's action. Feeling uneasy after the atrocities committed in Bohemia, Saxony finally gave its support to the union and decided to fight back. Sweden soon intervened in 1630 and started the full-scale great war on the continent. Spain, wishing to crush the Dutch rebels, intervened under the pretext of helping their dynastic ally, Austria. No longer able to tolerate the encirclement of two major Habsburg powers on its borders, Catholic France entered the coalition on the side of the Protestants to counter the Habsburgs. The Thirty Years' War had the devastation of entire regions, with famine and disease significantly decreasing the populations of the German and Italian states, the Kingdom of Bohemia, and the Low Countries. Both mercenaries and soldiers in fighting armies were expected to fund themselves by looting or extorting tribute, which imposed severe hardships on the inhabitants of occupied territories. The war also bankrupted most of the combatant powers. A notable exception was the newly independent Dutch Republic, which subsequently enjoyed a time of great prosperity and development, as it became one of the world's foremost economic and naval powers. The Thirty Years' War ended with the treaties of Osnabrück and Münster, part of the wider Peace of Westphalia. The war altered the previous political order of European Powers. The rise of Bourbon France, the curtailing of Habsburg ambition, and the ascendancy of Sweden as a great power created a new balance of power on the continent, with France emerging from the war strengthened and increasingly dominant in the latter part of the 17th century. The Battle of Breitenfeld (German: Schlacht bei Breitenfeld; Swedish: Slaget vid Breitenfeld) or First Battle of Breitenfeld (sometimes First Breitenfeld and in older texts Battle of Leipzig), was fought at a crossroads near Breitenfeld approximately five miles north-west of the walled city of Leipzig on September 17 (new style or Gregorian calendar), or September 7 (Julian calendar, in wide use at the time), 1631.[a][b] It was the Protestants’ first major victory of the Thirty Years War. The victory ensured that the German states would not be forcibly reconverted to Roman Catholicism. It confirmed Sweden’s Gustavus Adolphus of the House of Vasa as a great tactical leader and induced many Protestant German states to ally with Sweden against the German Catholic League, led by Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria, and the Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II.

Photograph details

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We aim to dispatch the same day or the next working day.

We ship from two locations: Riga, in Latvia, and Reykjavik, in Iceland.

We dispatch using both Icelandic and Latvian Post.

USA / CANADA: orders should take approx. 8-12 days to be delivered.
WESTERN EUROPE: orders will normally take approx. 6-10 working/business days to be delivered.
EASTERN EUROPE: can take up to 15 working/business days to be delivered.
REST OF THE WORLD: can take up to 16 working/business days to be delivered

Express shipping via UPS: takes usually up to 1-3 business days, anywhere in the world.

For an additional price we can provide you with a Certificate of Authenticity. 
We guarantee you that all our images are original editorial photographs that originated from press archives. 

The Certificate is an perfect addition to your photo and will make it even more valuable in the future. This is highly valuable for all memorabilia and collects. Also great as an addition to any gift


Frame it or gift it in a nice box!
When purchasing a photo, you can also purchase a:

Mat Board
It is also known as passe-partout. A mat board, or simply mat, is a resident paper-based item that is positioned between your valuable photograph and the frame.
It used in the framing industry because it gives a polished look to your collectible.  All mat boards are customizable to your frame and photo's dimensions.
These mat boards are perfect if you already have a frame you wish to use but need an extra touch to add extra value.

Customized framed photo with a paper mat board
All our professionally customizable frames are made of resistant glass and elegant wood. You can customize your frame by color, size, and dimension of the mat board. We offer different colors: black, white, silver, gold or blue. 
All frames are transparent and so allow you to access the back easily to see the provenance of the photo.
The photo is professionally sealed in the protective frame to ensure an optimal duration of the product.
If you wish to see the back of the photo at all times, without fighting the law of physics, we have an option for you!

Customized framed photo with a paper mat board + reprint of the back
This option includes a scansion of the original information found in the back of the photograph. These handwritten scribbles and notes are essentials because they are part of what creates the value of our vintage photographs.
The back of the photo is then printed and placed in the front, next to the original photo so to create a contrast. This combination will showcase the true value of the photograph and its provenance!
The photo, and the reprint of the back, are professionally sealed in the protective frame to ensure an optimal duration of the product!
Contact us about information regarding frames and boxes for your original photos.  

IMPORTANT! WHEN BUYING FROM US:

All the original pictures are sold without watermarks.

All our photographs are LIMITED ARCHIVE ORIGINALS - not reprints or digital prints.

SEE the BACKSIDE OF the PHOTO - many times the pictures will present stamps, dates and other publication details - these marks attest and increase the value of the pictures.

Since the photos are real press photographs they may have scratches, lines or other signs which just underlie the authenticity of the original photo.

What you will buy from us has a true historical value and authenticity. All these photos have a story to tell and come from a reliable source.

Copyright

By purchasing a photo from IMSPIX Images, copyright does not transfer. We are selling these photos as collectibles only and no copyright is implied.

SAFE SHOPPING - we sell to clients all over the world and each package is safely prepared and shipped in hardboard envelopes.