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Close-up photo of Nikita Khrushchev.

Close-up photo of Nikita Khrushchev.
Close-up photo of Nikita Khrushchev.
Close-up photo of Nikita Khrushchev.
Close-up photo of Nikita Khrushchev.
Close-up photo of Nikita Khrushchev.
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Close-up photo of Nikita Khrushchev. Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev (Russian: Никита Сергеевич Хрущёв (info)), born April 5 (gs) / April 17 (ns) 1894 in Kalinovka in the gouvernement of Kursk in the Russian Empire, the death of 11 september 1971 in Moscow in the Soviet Union (in present Russia) was a Soviet politician, party and government. He was General Secretary of the Soviet Communist Party's Central Committee Politburo and thus the Soviet leader from 7 September 1953 to the October 14, 1964. Khrushchev was during the civil war after the October revolution soldier in the Red Army. During the interwar worked their Khrushchev up in the party hierarchy. He was, among other things, Party chief of Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic and then the same in Moscow. According to references in Montefiore "Stalin - the red tsar and his court" supported Khrushchev and actively participated in Stalin's terror, where for example, he ordered the mass execution of 55,741 public servants and party officials at a utrensningsvåg in Moscow, when he was awarded a "culling quota" from the Politburo on 50,000 alleged "enemies" and "spies". A large part of the documentation about the abuse then destroyed when Khrushchev came to power. Khrushchev took part in World War II as a lieutenant general. Upon Stalin's death in 1953, Khrushchev was able to seize power, first collectively with Malenkov and Molotov, but soon Khrushchev had taken full control. The Twentieth Party Congress February 24, 1956 was momentous for Soviet communism. Then took Khrushchev in a famous speech, distance from the personality cult after Stalin also spoke about Stalin's terror against the Soviet peoples, which strongly contributed to the break with China and Albania in the early 1960s. Khrushchev met by two rebellions attempt against the Soviet-controlled communist regime in 1956 - in Poland and Hungary. In Poland managed to Władysław Gomułka negotiate a peaceful solution, and some liberalization after the workers' uprising in Poznan, which required 74 lives. In Hungary led similar disturbances 23 October 1956 the Hungarian Revolution as bloody put down by the Red Army. Khrushchev repudiated Stalin's terror and Soviet citizens had to experience some normalization of everyday life. Despite this continued persecution of dissidents and other groups uncomfortable with the executions and deportations to the Gulag, even if it was done on a much smaller scale. [1] During the Khrushchev government released 624 000 [2] of people convicted of political crimes from the Gulag. Khrushchev's speech on Stalin's crimes and his initiation of the liberalization of the country led in 1957 to a coup attempt against him during his trip in Finland. Molotov, Malenkov and Kaganovich, along with newcomer (Central Bureau of the Committee) Shepilov made ​​a plan to unseat him. Khrushchev managed, however, with the support of Defense Minister, Marshal Georgy Zhukov, averting the coup. Khrushchev appointed then Malenkov as head of a power plant, Kaganovich head of a cement factory and former Foreign Minister Molotov to the Ambassador of Mongolia. [3] Khrushchev was leader of the Soviet Union during the Cuban missile crisis, when it was very close to a nuclear war with the US broke out. After the failure in connection with the Cuban missile crisis, not to mention the fiasco of Khrushchev's agricultural policies led to the Soviet food supply, he became in 1964 deposed and replaced by Brezhnev. Some of his case was his parsimonious attitude towards the aviation industry and his fascination for rocket technology. [Citation needed] Death [edit | edit source] The time that remained of life got Khrushchev to spend in house arrest at his home in Moscow. Khrushchev died September 11, 1971 of a heart attack. He is buried at the Novodevichy Cemetery, after he had been denied a state funeral and buried in the Kremlin wall.
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