German soldiers of the heavy anti-aircraft guns on the channel during sports.Anti-aircraft warfare or counter-air defence is defined by NATO as "all measures designed to nullify or reduce the effectiveness of hostile air action." They include ground-and air-based weapon systems, associated sensor systems, command and control arrangements and passive measures (e.g. barrage balloons). It may be used to protect naval, ground, and air forces in any location. However, for most countries the main effort has tended to be 'homeland defence'. NATO refers to airborne air defence as counter-air and naval air defence as anti-aircraft warfare. Missile defence is an extension of air defence as are initiatives to adapt air defence to the task of intercepting any projectile in flight.In some countries, such as Britain and Germany during the Second World War, the Soviet Union and NATO's Allied Command Europe, ground based air defence and air defence aircraft have been under integrated command and control. However, while overall air defence may be for homeland defence including military facilities, forces in the field, wherever they are, invariably deploy their own air defence capability if there is an air threat. A surface-based air defence capability can also be deployed offensively to deny the use of airspace to an opponent.Until the 1950s, guns firing ballistic munitions ranging from 20 mm to 150 mm were the standard weapon; guided missiles then became dominant, except at the very shortest ranges (as with close-in weapon systems, which typically use rotary autocannons or, in very modern systems, surface to air adaptations of short range air to air missiles).
We sell press photographs, authentic historical documents, true collectibles, 30-100 years old - from all over the world and within every subject matter. In most cases with stamps and publishing date stated on the backside.
Search by keywords or browse the categories or contact us for free research service.
Own a fantastic piece of history, a true rarity - add to your collection, frame it and enjoy in your home, or make it a fabulous gift!
Packaging and delivery
All items are shipped in strong cardboard envelope to ensure safe delivery.
We aim to dispatch the same day or the next working day.
We are in a fantastic location for shipping, right between USA and Europe - shipping has proven to be faster from us than local shipping in some countries like USA. We dispatch using Iceland Post 1st Class or UPS Express delivery.
USA / CANADA orders should take approx 8-12 days to be delivered.
WESTERN EUROPE orders will normally take approx 6-10 working / business days to be delivered.
EASTERN EUROPE can take up to 15 working / business days to be delivered.
REST OF THE WORLD can take up to 16 working / business days to be delivered
Express shipping via UPS takes usually up to 1-3 business days, anywhere in the world.
Shipping is based on the actual cost of shipping, we ship from Iceland where the images are and we ship with Iceland Post and UPS. Iceland Post has fantastic shipping record and we have many shipments arriving earlier to clients than local shipments within Europe and USA. We are based right between USA and Europe so we can offer fast shipping to both continents. We do not offer discounts on shipping but we gladly offer combined shipping. Shipping consists of a base price and then a small extra fee added for each additional image.
All orders above 200 USD must be shipped with either registered letter or express.
Economy shipping - A priority
- Europe $6 + $1 for every extra item.
- USA and rest of world $9 + $1 for every extra item.
- Registered letter with tracking number
- Europe $19 + $1 for every extra item.
- USA and rest of world $28 + $1 for every extra item.
- Expidited/Express shipping via UPS
- Europe $70 - no extra charge for additional items
- USA and rest of world $100 - no extra charge for additional items