An office is generally a room or other area where administrative work is done, but may also denote a position within an organization with specific duties attached to it (see officer, office-holder, official); the latter is in fact an earlier usage, office as place originally referring to the location of one's duty. When used as an adjective, the term "office" may refer to business-related tasks. In legal writing, a company or organization has offices in any place that it has an official presence, even if that presence consists of, for example, a storage silo rather than an office. An office is an architectural and design phenomenon; whether it is a small office such as a bench in the corner of a small business of extremely small size (see small office/home office), through entire floors of buildings, up to and including massive buildings dedicated entirely to one company. In modern terms an office usually refers to the location where white-collar workers are employed. As per James Stephenson,"Office is that part of business enterprise which is devoted to the direction and co-ordination of its various activities."
Offices in classical antiquity were often part of a palace complex or a large temple. The High Middle Ages (1000–1300) saw the rise of the medieval chancery, which was usually the place where most government letters were written and where laws were copied in the administration of a kingdom. With the growth of large, complex organizations in the 18th century, the first purpose-built office spaces were constructed. As the Industrial Revolution intensified in the 18th and 19th centuries, the industries of banking, rail, insurance, retail, petroleum, and telegraphy dramatically grew, and a large number of clerks were needed, and as a result more office space was required to house these activities. The time and motion study, pioneered in manufacturing by F. W. Taylor led to the “Modern Efficiency Desk” with a flat top and drawers below, designed to allow managers an easy view of the workers. However, by the midpoint of the 20th century, it became apparent that an efficient office required discretion in the control of privacy, and gradually the cubicle system evolved.
The main purpose of an office environment is to support its occupants in performing their job. Work spaces in an office are typically used for conventional office activities such as reading, writing and computer work. There are nine generic types of work space, each supporting different activities. In addition to individual cubicles, there are also meeting rooms, lounges, and spaces for support activities, such as photocopying and filing. Some offices also have a kitchen area where workers can make their lunches. There are many different ways of arranging the space in an office and whilst these vary according to function, managerial fashions and the culture of specific companies can be even more important. While offices can be built in almost any location and in almost any building, some modern requirements for offices make this more difficult, such as requirements for light, networking, and security. The primary purpose of an office building is to provide a workplace and working environment primarily for administrative and managerial workers. These workers usually occupy set areas within the office building, and usually are provided with desks, PCs and other equipment they may need within these areas.
UNIQUE ORIGINAL ARCHIVE PHOTOGRAPHS CAN BECOME YOUS!
We sell press photographs, authentic historical documents 30-100 years old - from all over the world and within every subject matter.
Search by keywords or browse the categories or contact us for free research service.
Own a fantastic piece of history - add to your collection, frame it and enjoy in your home, or make it a fabulous gift!
Packaging and delivery
All items are shipped in strong cardboard envelope to ensure safe delivery.
We aim to dispatch the same day or the next working day.
We are in a fantastic location for shipping, right between USA and Europe - shipping has proven to be faster from us than local shipping in some countries like USA. We dispatch using Iceland Post 1st Class or UPS Express delivery.
USA / CANADA orders should take approx 8-12 days to be delivered.
WESTERN EUROPE orders will normally take approx 6-10 working / business days to be delivered.
EASTERN EUROPE can take up to 15 working / business days to be delivered.
REST OF THE WORLD can take up to 16 working / business days to be delivered
Express shipping via UPS takes usually up to 1-3 business days, anywhere in the world.
Shipping is based on the actual cost of shipping, we ship from Iceland where the images are and we ship with Iceland Post and UPS. Iceland Post has fantastic shipping record and we have many shipments arriving earlier to clients than local shipments within Europe and USA. We are based right between USA and Europe so we can offer fast shipping to both continents. We do not offer discounts on shipping but we gladly offer combined shipping. Shipping consists of a base price and then a small extra fee added for each additional image.
All orders above 200 USD must be shipped with either registered letter or express.
Economy shipping - A priority
- Europe $6 + $1 for every extra item.
- USA and rest of world $9 + $1 for every extra item.
- Registered letter with tracking number
- Europe $19 + $1 for every extra item.
- USA and rest of world $28 + $1 for every extra item.
- Expidited/Express shipping via UPS
- Europe $70 - no extra charge for additional items
- USA and rest of world $100 - no extra charge for additional items