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Stanley Baldwin, followed by Anthony Eden, leaving No. 10, Downing Street to lunch with the delegates at a London restaurant.

Stanley Baldwin, followed by Anthony Eden, leaving No. 10, Downing Street to lunch with the delegates at a London restaurant.
Stanley Baldwin, followed by Anthony Eden, leaving No. 10, Downing Street to lunch with the delegates at a London restaurant.
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Stanley Baldwin, followed by Anthony Eden, leaving No. 10, Downing Street to lunch with the delegates at a London restaurant.
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Stanley Baldwin, followed by Anthony Eden, leaving No. 10, Downing Street to lunch with the delegates at a London restaurant.
Stanley Baldwin, followed by Anthony Eden, leaving No. 10, Downing Street to lunch with the delegates at a London restaurant.
$19.90
  • SKU: SCAN-NOP-00544939

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Stanley Baldwin, followed by Anthony Eden, leaving No. 10, Downing Street to lunch with the delegates at a London restaurant. A conference of the three Locarno Powers (Britain, France and Belgium) was held at No. 10, Downing Street, London, under the Presidency of Mr. Stanley Baldwin, the Prime Minister. The meeting is a prelude to a Five Power Conference in September. The Premiers and Foreign ministers of France, Belgium, and Britain are all taking part on that day's talks. Stanley Baldwin, 1st Earl Baldwin of Bewdley, KG, PC, JP, FRS[1] (3 August 1867 – 14 December 1947) was a British Conservative politician, who dominated the government in his country between the two world wars. Three times Prime Minister, he is the only premier to have served under three monarchs (George V, Edward VIII and George VI). Baldwin first entered the House of Commons in 1908 as the Member of Parliament for Bewdley. His father Alfred Baldwin had held the seat since 1892, but died in office in 1908, and the younger Baldwin was first selected as a candidate by the local Conservative association, and then acclaimed, holding the seat until his political retirement in 1937.[2] He held government office in the coalition ministry of David Lloyd George. In 1922, Baldwin was one of the prime movers in the withdrawal of Conservative support from Lloyd George; he subsequently became Chancellor of the Exchequer in Andrew Bonar Law's Conservative ministry. Upon Bonar Law's resignation due to health reasons in May 1923, Baldwin became Prime Minister and Conservative Party leader. He called an election on the issue of tariffs and lost the Conservatives' majority, after which Ramsay MacDonald formed a minority Labour government. After winning the 1924 General Election Baldwin formed his second government, which saw important tenures of office by Sir Austen Chamberlain (Foreign Secretary), Winston Churchill (at the Exchequer) and Neville Chamberlain (Health). That government also saw the General Strike in 1926 and the 1927 Trades Disputes Act to curb the powers of trade unions, although Baldwin was supportive of Labour politicians forming minority governments at Westminster. Baldwin narrowly lost the 1929 General Election. and his continued leadership of the party was subject to extensive criticism by the press barons Lord Rothermere and Lord Beaverbrook. In 1931, Labour Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald formed a National Government, most of whose ministers were Conservatives and which won an enormous majority at the 1931 General Election, which still remains as the last time,even to this day, where a UK prime minister has received over 50% of the popular vote in a General Election. As Lord President of the Council, and one of four Conservatives among the small ten-member Cabinet, Baldwin took over many of the Prime Minister's duties due to MacDonald's failing health. This government saw an Act delivering increased self-government for India, a measure opposed by Churchill and by many rank-and-file Conservatives. The Statute of Westminster 1931 gave Dominion status to Canada, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa, while establishing the first step towards the Commonwealth of Nations. As party leader, Baldwin made many striking innovations, such as clever use of radio and film, that made him highly visible to the public and strengthened Conservative appeal. In 1935, Baldwin replaced MacDonald as Prime Minister of the National Government, and won the 1935 General Election with another large majority. During this time, he oversaw the beginning of the re-armament process of the British military, as well as the very difficult abdication of King Edward VIII. Baldwin's third government saw a number of crises in foreign affairs, including the public uproar over the Hoare-Laval Pact, Hittler's re-occupation of the Rhineland and the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War. Baldwin retired in 1937 and was succeeded by Neville Chamberlain. At that time, he was regarded as a popular and successful prime minister,[3] but for the final decade of his life, and for many years afterwards, he was vilified for having presided over high unemployment in the 1930s and as one of the "Guilty Men" who had tried to appease Adolf Hittler and who had – supposedly – not rearmed sufficiently to prepare for the Second World War. By 2004, however, historians generally painted a positive portrait of his governments. Stuart Ball says, Baldwin is now seen as having done more than most and perhaps as much as was possible in the context, but the fact remains that it was not enough to deter the aggressors or ensure their defeat. Less equivocal was his rediscovery as a moderate and inclusive Conservative for the modern age, part of a 'one nation tradition'.[4] This more positive outlook on Baldwin's time as Prime Minister is reflected in evaluations by scholars, where he generally ranked in the upper half of British Prime Ministers. Robert Anthony Eden, 1st Earl of Avon, KG, MC, PC (12 June 1897 – 14 January 1977) was a British Conservative politician who served three periods as Foreign Secretary and then a relatively brief term as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1955 to 1957. Achieving rapid promotion as a young Member of Parliament, he was Foreign Secretary at the age of thirty-eight, before resigning in protest at Neville Chamberlain's policy towards Mussolini's Italy. He again held that position during the last five years of the Second World War, and a third time in the early 1950s. Having been Churchill's undisputed deputy for almost fifteen years, he succeeded him as Prime Minister in 1955, and a month later won a general election. By this time Eden was suffering from recurrent fevers and using mood-altering prescription drugs following a series of botched operations.[2] His worldwide reputation as an opponent of appeasement, a "Man of Peace", and a skilled diplomat was overshadowed in 1956 when the United States refused to support the Anglo-French military response to the Suez Crisis, which critics across party lines regarded as an historic setback for British foreign policy, signalling the end of British predominance in the Middle East.[3] Most historians argue that he made a series of blunders, especially not realising the depth of American opposition to military action.[4] Two months after ordering an end to the Suez operation he resigned as Prime Minister on grounds of ill health, and because he was widely suspected of having misled the House of Commons over the degree of "collusion" with France and Israel.[5] He generally stayed out of the public eye thereafter. He is generally ranked among the least successful British Prime Ministers of the 20th century,[6] although two broadly sympathetic biographies (in 1986 and 2003) have gone some way to redressing the balance of opinion.[7] D.R. Thorpe says the Suez Crisis "was a truly tragic end to his premiership, and one that came to assume a disproportionate importance in any assessment of his career."

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