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The Secret Army Organization or OAS attacks in Paris, 1962.

The Secret Army Organization or OAS attacks in Paris, 1962.
The Secret Army Organization or OAS attacks in Paris, 1962.
The Secret Army Organization or OAS attacks in Paris, 1962.
SKU: SCAN-NOP-00466597
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A number of policemen retrains protesters on the street while a man is lying on the ground, 1967. The Secret Army Organization or Organization of the Secret Army, best known through the OAS acronym, is an underground political-military organization French , created the 11 February 1961 in defense of the French presence in Algeria by all means, including terrorism large scale. A year after the failure of the week barricades , while the French government clearly wants to disengage in Algeria, it is created in Madrid , during a meeting between two important activists, Jean-Jacques Susini and Pierre Lagaillarde , rallying by following the high-ranking military, including General Raoul Salan . The acronym "OAS" willfully made ​​reference to the Secret Army (AS) of the Resistance . It appears on the walls of Algiers 16 March 1961 And then spreads in Algeria and in France, linked to various slogans: "Algeria is French and will remain", "OAS will overcome", "OAS strikes where it wants and when it wants," etc. In practical terms, it is not a unified centralized organization; in a very general way, it is divided into three branches more or less independent, sometimes rival: the "OAS Madrid", the "OAS Algiers" and "Metro OAS" . In early 1962, led by Andre Canal , the OAS multiplies the attacks in Paris. On January 4, a squad car scrap the building of the Communist Party, Kossuth, seriously wounding a militant in the 2nd floor balcony. Communist protest rally of January 6 takes place without incident. On the night of 6 to 7 January, the home of Jean-Paul Sartre who is the subject of a plastic bomb. On January 24, there were 21 explosions in the department of the Seine, to personalities or organizations alleged hostile . These actions of the OAS build confidence that the French carry to de Gaulle. In December 1961, a survey shows that the OAS does not receive some sympathy only from 9% of them . Looking back in history, it emerged that the OAS-Métropole has never had a real strategy to seize power but, at the beginning of 1962, the bombings that multiply suggest the threat civil war and as Brunet analysis, hostile contemporaries to the OAS have the alternative of a passive confidence in de Gaulle or militant mobilization whose effectiveness remains to be demonstrated . In the aftermath of Charonne, 15 February, in an article signed Regulus Express will try to explain the government's policy and especially the Minister of the Interior Roger Frey is underpinned by the idea that the army will switch if the power appears unable to deal with the communist threat denounced by the OAS .

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